How Kodak Exposed The Atomic Bomb

Publisert 16. sep.. 2020
Kodak detected the first atomic bomb before anyone else figured it out. Then they made a deal not to tell anyone. Thanks to HBO Max, and their new show raised by Wolves for sponsoring this video! rb.gy/alghwn
Thanks to Uranium: Twisting the Dragon's Tail for the opening clip: www.pbs.org/show/uranium-twisting-dragons-tail/
References:
Albuquerque Tribune Bulletin, July 16, 1945 - www.marshallfoundation.org/library/documents/albuquerque-tribune-bulletin-16-july-1945/
Webb, J. H. (1949). The fogging of photographic film by radioactive contaminants in cardboard packaging materials. Physical Review, 76(3), 375.
Julian Webb at Oak Ridge - Snavely, B. B. (1989). Julian H. Webb. PhT, 42(7), 87.physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/pdf/10.1063/1.2811100
Radium in watch dials - www.epa.gov/radtown/radioactivity-antiques
A 1958 video about how Kodak film is made, noting the careful monitoring of radioactive contaminants - nolong.info/show/ateceYGFequilok/video.html&ab_channel=OwenMorgan
Radioactive fallout in 1951 - www.nytimes.com/1951/02/03/archives/increased-radiation-found-in-east-laid-to-atom-tests-held-harmless.html?searchResultPosition=20
1998 senate hearing - www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/CHRG-105shrg44045/html/CHRG-105shrg44045.htm
Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1999. Exposure of the American People to Iodine-131 from Nevada Nuclear-Bomb Tests: Review of the National Cancer Institute Report and Public Health Implications. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi.org/10.17226/6283. www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/radiation/i131-report-and-appendix
Baby Teeth Survey - Reiss, L. Z. (1961). Strontium-90 absorption by deciduous teeth. Science, 134(3491), 1669-1673.
Strontium 90 and Cancer rates - Gould, J. M., Sternglass, E. J., Sherman, J. D., Brown, J., McDonnell, W., & Mangano, J. J. (2000). Strontium-90 in deciduous teeth as a factor in early childhood cancer. International Journal of Health Services, 30(3), 515-539.
Wine forensics - Hubert, P., Perrot, F., Gaye, J., Médina, B., & Pravikoff, M. S. (2009). Radioactivity measurements applied to the dating and authentication of old wines. Comptes Rendus Physique, 10(7), 622-629. doi:10.1016/j.crhy.2009.08.007
Strontium 90 in forensics - Maclaughlin-Black, S. M., Herd, R. J., Willson, K., Myers, M., & West, I. E. (1992). Strontium-90 as an indicator of time since death: a pilot investigation. Forensic science international, 57(1), 51-56.
Research and Writing by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev, and Jonny Hyman
Filmed and edited by Derek Muller
Animations by Iván Tello and Jonny Hyman
Music by Jonny Hyman
Additional Music from:
Epidemic Sound epidemicsound.com "Seaweed"
Kevin MacLeod incompetech.com "Lightless dawn"
Craig Conrad www.craigconard.com/royaltyfree "ASTRAL"

Kommentarer

  • These mistakes and many others brought to you by the same retarded country who thought trump would be a good president and then elected him.

  • some would think governments wouldn't do that kind of stuff anymore, they'd be wrong

  • Don't you just love America?!...

  • How stupid can the government be ffs

  • Well, that was depressing.

  • the government protected rolls of film, but not the lives of our kids. there is something wrong with this picture. man, the level of the puns back then was really something else. respect.

  • bs. kodak is part of the coverup. they made cameras for the cia...nuclear bombs do not work.

  • the government protected rolls of film, but not the lives of our kids. there is something wrong with this picture. man, the level of the puns back then was really something else. respect.

  • I love how they chop off the fallout at the Canadian border at 9:11. Americans really don’t give a damn about Canada😂😂😂

  • Sure, but what about the people in countries that never performed any nuclear tests? Do the ausies, for instance, also have these radioactive particles in _their_ bones?

  • I don't think those patterns of fallout really stopped dead at the US-Canada border like the graphic showed......

  • was i the only one who thought this had something to do with kodak black??

  • “The Government protected rolls of film but not the lives of our kids. There is something wrong with this *picture.”* Don’t think he meant to make that joke but that’s kinda funny.

  • C'mon NOlong algorithm, I'm subscribed to Veritasium but Destin had to tell me to watch this via twitter?!!! Shameful...

  • As a Canadian, Im happy that our border appeared to have stopped all the radiation!

  • *Radio Active Man and Fallout Boy* ... That's the first thing that came to mind when I heard radio active fallout...

  • More People die from cancer every day than from covid-19.. so, why should they care now.

  • In conclusion (about cancer): by quoting Steve Hughes - Governments "run around the world, dropping depleted uranium around the earth, let nukes off under the sea and the rest of us, what we gonna do: sit at home, with a special light bulb, and a shopping Bag For Life" :/ nolong.info/show/Z5aIjKuuobBmfnk/video.html

  • Is this why Kodak stock spiked lol

  • It was not an atomic bomb, but an atomic device. Very common mistake ;)

  • let's not justify military industrial complex, ever

    • @FlyingSavannahs oh yeah your ego is more important, sorry.

    • So much for my 30+ year career supporting the American soldier. Sorry.

  • Height of hypocrisy.. worried about health complications in US kids but completely ignoring long lasting devastation in places where bombs were actually dropped.

    • It IS just a US problem. Look how the map of fallout spread over North America stops at the Canadian border! They don't have any radiation from us.

  • Such an interesting topic

  • C'mon NOlong algorithm, I'm subscribed to Veritasium but Destin had to tell me to watch this via twitter?!!! Shameful...

  • Wow, this video wasn't competently unsettling at all...

  • a bet you a lot of viewers got out of it only that goverment is evil and they should vote trump. thats what scares me

    • The strontium in my bones wholeheartedly supported the strontium in Joe Biden's bones!

  • wow kodak had some brilliant physicists lol

  • It makes me mad that Kodak has a scientist. It's amazing what we can achieve when money is on the line.

  • this video should have been sponsored by Kodak.

  • United States, or how to become successful at killing in white gloves or with drones (but always with a shiny smile to keep off that moral disgust). there's an interesting book by Peter Watson called 'Fallout: Conspiracy, Cover-Up, and the Deceitful Case for the Atom Bomb'.

  • Why not put some radioactive isotopes in the forgeries.

  • From india

  • I wasnt expecting the realization that im a mutant monstrosity at the end of the video. i am strontium man

  • 10:05 "I think what was wrong was not enough was known about the dangers of radiation" THAT WAS YOUR TAKEAWAY FROM THIS HEARING? No. PLENTY was known. We knew that we did NOT know the dangers. No, the problem is that warmongers & financiers did not CARE about the dangers of radiation to the general populace. This sort of cannibalism & sacrifice of the working class persists in the US to this day.

  • 9:06 Thank goodness the radiation stayed out of Canada mostly. *sarcasm*

    • See, this wasn't our fault! It was the Soviets that released the fallout around the world, not us. O Canada! Our non-radiative land...

  • Can't the government be charged with murder? I mean how many people did in fact die due to the radiation from these tests? A fraction of the tests were scientific, the rest was to fuel a trigger happy government, dropping nukes, even on their own people... And then they accuse other nations of being the bad guys...damn.

  • Not gonna lie, when I read "exposed the Atomic Bomb" i though you were gonna talk about how they captured the bomb explosion on camera. Not that they single handedly figured out the Atom Bomb was a thing and effecting the United States as a whole.

  • 9:00 very kind of the US government to stop the fallout from crossing the Canadian border

  • Back in the days, we thought radiation would give cool mutations, like an extra head or claws or superstrength. Instead, we got cancer...

  • The irradiated states match up pretty nicely with Trump's states on the 2020 election map... Porbably a coincidence, but just saying.

    • This correlation seems very plausible. The map overlay is conveniently too similar. Now I have no basis of proof to this cause and effect, but the similarity can be related to a possible change in the bodies of these predominantly affected areas. Now based on the time period, you can also presume most that were affect by these events would currently constitute the main bulk of the current voters. Basically anyone born before the 80s. Some sort of hormonal or biological shift caused by fallout could have serious neurological and psychological implications such as the thyroid issues explained in this video. I'm not going to go into all the facets that diferenciate one mindset or an other. Although I will point towards "why trumps tweets work, W Stephen Fry" from Pindex that explains some part of this quite eloquently. Things such as the observed enlarged amygdala present in most republican and Conservative mindsets. May, perhaps be related in these overlapping States. As a caveat to this remember, the idea to relate these 2 extremely complex biological and sociopolitical constructs, is in no way an easy task, to which niether of us have sufficient information to affirm. Hopefully we could see an episode covering this idea in future. Although for now I'd recommend watching "simulation of the evolution of agression" from Primer. Then reading further into game theory with a follow-up of veritasiums coverage over mandelbrot, biffurcation, universality and chaos theory.

  • Of course- the ole cerium 141 contaminant. I am constantly amazed at humanity’s ingenuity.

  • what if all those lung cancer deaths that people thought was from cigarettes was actually amplified 10000x by strontium 90 in the area at the time....

  • "Exposed" Ha! I see what you did there....good one.

  • The hardest thing for me to wrap my mind around is that the United States has detonated over 1,000 nuclear bombs. I think it's easy to perceive that there have been only a handful, the ones dropped in World War II and a few tests since, but that's far from the truth. Close to 2,000 nuclear bombs have ever been detonated globally that we know of. That's a lot of radiation.

  • "The government protected rolls of film, but not the lives of our kids. There's something wrong with this picture." He was THIS close to realizing that the government is not interested in the wellbeing of average citizens, but decided to go with a pun instead.

  • Looking at that map of fallout in the US, I can only say that I'm very glad that my parents grew up in the Pacific Northwest. It seems logical that people living in that area back then got less exposure than most of the rest of the US.

  • Ok, now I understand why so many people in America buy into conspiracy theories. After learning that these kind of secrets were kept, it's easy to think that there are more.

  • "theres something wrong with this picture" ... 👌😅

  • Well thats just Americans and japan that have those fragments... realises I was born relatively close to Chernobyl. Damit!

    • the soviet union and china also tested hundreds of atom bombs within their borders during the 60s and 70s. the whole world has been afftected by this, not just the US.

  • US is not the only country that nuclear test, can you explain how other countries can do it and yet we did not hear or raise any concern, countries like the Soviet Union, China, France and many more

  • All the people who elected Trump make sense now, just compare the states voting for trump an the states contaminated by the fallout 🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣

    • Red states down to their bones!

    • Yea that fallout map looks pretty familiar lmao

  • Amazing video! Just the other day, I was quoting your "Misconceptions about Temperature" video to my friends :D We were trying to figure out if a pot of water would come to a boil if the stove was on at 37*c and the heat transfer rate between the water and the air was slower that the rate between the heat source and the pot. (The real example was if the human body could boil a pot of water, but we focused on heat transfer rates) :D

  • "The government protected rolls of film, but not the lives of our kids. There's something wrong with this picture." He was THIS close to realizing that the government is not interested in the wellbeing of average citizens, but decided to go with a pun instead.

  • As a canadian, I am glad that the fallout never manage to get over the border.

  • What a despicable act by this government.. Shameful. What is a government without the people??

  • "How Kodak Exposed The Atomic Bomb" Well technically it was the atomic bomb that exposed Kodak's film...

    • So I guess Kodak "developed" the atomic bomb! Petition the government to change Manhattan Project to Rochester Project!

  • 7:30 interesting how it just stopped at the Canadian border.

  • excellent video.

  • Only the US would nuke itself 1000x .

  • The government told us Covid was no big deal. Why were they hiding that?

  • Isnt that area still radioactive?

  • Why explosion on 3:40 is so hexagonal?

  • Do you think it's possible light travels at different speeds in opposite directions? nolong.info/show/obqgbXytnMRnbJ8/video.html

  • Phew, at least it stopped dead at the Canadian border so we’re good 😅.

  • Did anyone else think this video was about how Kodak exposed the film for the nuclear tests?

  • 6:43 Why does Kodak have the Eye Of Sauron on their roof?

    • Looks more like a zit on Gothmog's armpit. Did you watch the movies from 3 miles away or something?

  • In the upper Midwest, winter weather reports would advise "not to eat new snow" as it could be radioactive. During snowstorms, kids playing outside would often catch fresh falling snow on the tongue .

  • So, new plot device in the next time-travel movie: expose the real age of the traveler using radiation analysis.

  • Damn Kodak Black smart! He can rap pretty well too.

  • The independent truth often fissions real interests or historic, or sometimes a well grounded pride. Long half-live to it.

  • One of the reasons I'm happy I'm not American 👍🏽

  • I can see by your coat, you’re from the other side. All, I want to know now, is, “who won?” “Wooden Ships”, Jefferson Airplane, Also Crosby, Stills, Nash, and (Young?)

    • There seems to be music and lyrics, for almost every human created idea, thought, and feeling. Without the draft, most of it is never exposed(sic) to light of day, because to “some”, young folks, if it doesn’t affect me it doesn’t matter. Albeit my sons are now the conservatives in the family. But that’s OK, because at least they see or, are aware of problems, I don’t see or am aware of.

  • Boomers in the 40's: We love our government. Good thing they're not like those damn Commies, keeping secrets from us. *Oh, also, what was that huge explosion that's making our photos and water tingly?* The government: Don't worry about it. :)

    • You’re not that smart are you? Boomers weren’t born yet until 1946.....it’s the 2 generations before that did this. If anything, the “Boomers” were the victims...as the were only children up until 1964

  • Mmm surprised you did not say how the us government gave kodak radioactive material to keep to stay quiet. I believe they had radioactive material sitting in a bunker up till the 90s if i recall correctly before kodak decommissioned it.

  • It's really good that the radioactive fallout ended at the Canadian border like that. Imagine how rude it would be if the US also contaminated another country and ally like that?

  • Me: takes notes

  • I'm just reading The Triumph Of Doubt from David Michaels and I STRONGLY recommend it to those, who want to know more about the regulation system in the US. It is mind boggling what unresponsible individuals are capable of when given power over important decisions.

  • Oh hey this seems to show conclusive evidence of the Gov't disregarding the public interest in favor of some dark agenda. Who woulda thought?

  • Beautiful animations!

  • Creepy Kodak Fun Fact: from 1974 until 2006, Kodak checked products for impurities and did neutron radiography testing using a device only a handful of employees knew about - an on-site reactor loaded with three and a half pounds of enriched uranium. The reactor was located at Kodak's headquarters in Rochester, New York. To this day, the specifics of how they set up their reactor and got their hands on the uranium is unknown. 😬

  • The hardest thing for me to wrap my mind around is that the United States has detonated over 1,000 nuclear bombs. I think it's easy to perceive that there have been only a handful, the ones dropped in World War II and a few tests since, but that's far from the truth. Close to 2,000 nuclear bombs have ever been detonated globally that we know of. That's a lot of radiation.

  • jesus christ no wonder trump is president. our country was made retarded by nuclear energy, or given cancer

  • The hardest thing for me to wrap my mind around is that the United States has detonated over 1,000 nuclear bombs. I think it's easy to perceive that there have been only a handful, the ones dropped in World War II and a few tests since, but that's far from the truth. Close to 2,000 nuclear bombs have ever been detonated globally that we know of. That's a lot of radiation.

  • This may seem a minor quibble, but how do you end up pronouncing _Cesium_ (see -zee-uhm) as "sear-ee-uhm". Personally, I don't see an 'R' anywhere.

  • the government protected rolls of film, but not the lives of our kids. there is something wrong with this picture. man, the level of the puns back then was really something else. respect.

  • I live in Vincennes In, 47591 been here my entire life and had no clue this was part of history. This is so beyond mind blowing, to think this small town supplied Kodak...crazy

  • the government protected rolls of film, but not the lives of our kids. there is something wrong with this picture. man, the level of the puns back then was really something else. respect.

  • Judging from the maps though it seems that the nuclear fallout was at least polite enough to not cross the border into Canada.

  • Forget political party.. This should cement for you to not trust a Govt that is not accountable to the very people it is supposed to serve.

  • All the 2 headed rabbits Iv'e seen living in Nevada make so much sense now.

  • 9:00 very kind of the US government to stop the fallout from crossing the Canadian border

  • but to determine age of skeleton they need to know were that person lived and what intake or radioactive elements would that person have and also how old in time of death... so how do they do it?

  • "The government protected rolls of film, but not the lives of our kids. There's something wrong with this picture." He was THIS close to realizing that the government is not interested in the wellbeing of average citizens, but decided to go with a pun instead.

    • He did know that, it was a statement meant to make individuals 'sit' on it.

  • How nice of the US to stop fallout at the Canadian border......

  • Dear Mr. Host, have you ever heard of dry cleaners or a device called an "iron"?

  • A few corrections by an actual nuke. Radium does NOT glow unless there is a massive enough quantity to cause Cerencov radiation (blue light generated when a particle exceeds the speed of light in the medium, in this case, air. an optical shock wave) Even then the glow is faint. Radium dials and watches glowed brightly because the radium is mixed with silver-activated zinc sulfide. ZnS absorbs an alpha particle, is excited to a higher energy state and when it falls back to the ground energy state, it gives off that characteristic green glow. Regarding alleged deaths from I-131 contamination of milk, the 8000 excess deaths were determined by using the long discredited Linear No Threshold (LNT). Here is an analogy I like to use to show how silly this theory is. Suppose I took a bullet and gently tapped you on the chest until I had delivered 1000 ft-lbs. Other than being annoyed, you'd still be perfectly alive and OK. If I delivered that same energy all at once as a rifle shot to the chest, you'd be dead. The LNT says that any amount of radiation, regardless of the speed delivered (dose rate) is harmful. So back to our analogy. Using the LNT theory, after I had tapped your chest enough to deliver 1000 ft-lbs, you'd be dead. Absurd, isn't it. I could find no raw data on the net so I did a few back-of-the-matchbook calculations and using a Gaussian distribution of the dose delivered to the children, I estimate the true death rate to be less than 500, probably less than 200. The panty-wetters will whine that "that's 200 too many". I wonder what the death and disablement statistics were for Polio back then. The model that best fits the evidence is the radiation hormesis theory. This theory states that low level radiation exposure, especially if it is chronic, is actually good for the person. There is a threshold above which the radiation again becomes harmful. Probably the greatest example of this is the famous radioactive high rise apartments in Taiwan. A cancer therapy source had been illegally disposed of in a scrap metal stream. This scrap was melted and extruded into I-beams. Several high rise apartment buildings were built from these I-beams. The radiation dose was very high. It was discovered about 10 years (about 2 half-lives for cobalt-60) later when an occupant took a roll of film to be developed but the radiation had fogged it to black. Google "Taiwan radioactive buildings" for more info. The interesting thing was, when they studied the population, some of which had lived there the entire 10 years, the cancer rates of all types were DRAMATICALLY lower than the general population. The LNT still hangs on simply because so many people are making so much money from it.

  • OMG I just got the fallout3 trinity tower reference after 14 years

  • the government protected rolls of film, but not the lives of our kids. there is something wrong with this picture. man, the level of the puns back then was really something else. respect.

  • Seeing the bomb peak in samples is really interesting. It's amazing how low in concentration those atoms can be detected.

  • Oh the US govt never ceases to amuse me!