The Geography of the Ice Age

Publisert 18. april. 2020
I definitely missed a couple things so find me on twitter @theatlaspro to see the full map for yourself!
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Some links:
www.pnas.org/content/111/43/15296
geologycafe.com/class/chapter12.html
upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/Agassiz.jpg
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Winnipegosis#/media/File:Lake_Winnipeg_map.png
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Agassiz#/media/File:Glacial_Lake_Agassiz_and_Glacial_Lake_Ojibway,_7,900_BPE.png
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Agassiz#/media/File:7,900_Glacial_Lake_Agassiz_&_Glacial_Lake_Ojibway_(7900)_use_fileTeller_and_Leverington,_2004.jpg
upload.wikimedia.org/wikiversity/en/7/7c/Mediterranean_Bathymetric_map.png
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Siberian_Glacial_Lake#/media/File:Ice_Age_glacial_lakes_of_Siberia_and_Central_Asia_-_ru.svg
upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/83/Last_Glacial_Maximum_Vegetation_Map.svg
cdn.antarcticglaciers.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/WorldLGM-1.png
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permafrost#/media/File:Circum-Arctic_Map_of_Permafrost_and_Ground_Ice_Conditions.png
www.uib.no/fg/kvart%C3%A6r/125577/assessment-and-understanding-simulated-last-glacial-maximum-climate
metrocosm.com/timelapse-evolution-of-earths-surface/
metrocosm.com/earth-19000bc-3000ad.html
i.redd.it/l1eye5puu3v11.jpg

Kommentarer

  • You missed Antartica. Would it still be its own continent, or would the land be connected to South America? If not, would the sea currents around antartica still connect all the oceans? This would be an important thing to know as this can effect climate significantly.

  • I wonder how, with all of our ancestors travelling for millennia, it took us thousands of years to "rediscover" the new world. Did they just not pass form parents to children the stories of those travels?

  • Guy says glaciation instead of ice age. 10/10

  • I am guessing what caused global warming 100000 years ago lmao

  • Why isn´t there a glacier over Iceland? I know there was an iceage glacier over it once.

  • REBEL'S DAILY REPORTS Ah, I got some really bad news for all of you. I'm writing this on 11/25/2020. If global warming continues on the pace it is going then in about 3-5 years the North Pole will be completely without ice or snow anywhere for about 8-9 months a year. During winter times the North Pole will be lucky to get more than a foot of ice anywhere and won't get any major buildup of ice in most places of the North Pole. The South Pole will meantime will be in about 10 years mostly melted away as massive amounts of ice break off yearly from that huge chunk of ice we use to call the South Pole. As we sit today in the last years of the Ice Age our great scientist of knowledge and everybody else recklessly carry on with the destruction of our atmosphere, that precious bubble of nature's oxygen and water making making machine. You folks better wake up to reality! In about 5-10 years all civilization will will have to face a whole new kind of world, a world without much of a winter and very long hot summers. Alaska and northern Russia will face drastic changes as polar bears and many other animals won't be able to live in the new world that the end of the Ice Age will bring. We will have a decade or two of chaotic weather patterns as the battle between the planets and the suns continue on here on Earth as it has done on every other planet in the universe. We humans foolishly destroyed our bubble of livability on this planet and soon this planet will die from the Sun as has Mars and Venus. Read facebook.com/ron/mccune.3 for more information about all of this and how to easily end global warming in about 3-6 months! You all better listen to what I say and do what I say you should do or you will all die in several decades! Believe me I am telling you the truth!

  • You have not mentioned anything about Mount Kenya, Tanzania 's Mount Kilimanjaro; Uganda 's Rwenzori Mountains, and Ethiopia's Simien Mountains. If they are ice covered today , they must have had much more ice then. Or was the green Sahara the reason for lack of ice on these mountains then?

  • Qwv jcb nbvcqn to sleep 1q1

  • MUDFOSSILS

  • Don't forget the ancient land bridge called Kumari Kandam that linked India, Madigascar and Western Australia which is how people walked from India to Australia and became Australian Aborigines. NSW also had glaciers that carved out the huge Jamison valley and shifted huge boulders long distances. See www.google.com/search?q=kumari+kandam&rlz=1C1PRFI_enAU814AU815&sxsrf=ALeKk01zd7GbWkDT8aQtNEDxli3FfmeBiw:1606194820817&tbm=isch&source=iu&ictx=1&fir=ynfemtiD3ZEQ_M%252C1msJzAwKzrQcGM%252C%252Fm%252F04w2lh&vet=1&usg=AI4_-kSEpQBldlVqQiQl9DQ1FO2jPY2wNA&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwibiPD9tZrtAhURjuYKHRfYBOkQ_B16BAgoEAM#imgrc=ynfemtiD3ZEQ_M

  • Did the aboriginals of Australia sail to Australia

  • why your map doesn't have the Falkland Island when you talk about the Argentine Sea?

  • I'd be interested to learn how this all changed sea currents, and therefore weather.

  • Hello Guys 👋 I'm Arsal❣️ A newbie youtuber, I recently posted videos, Check the link out! :D [Viral TikTok Compilation] ⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️ nolong.info/show/qcyFgK58haeEbmQ/video.html [Fine Memes Compilation] ⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️⬇️ nolong.info/show/YtyHsbGbg7OprGg/video.html {Check each description for credits and more informations}

  • A strong thought occurred to me, we are still in a deep ice age and the earth globe is much larger than they tell us. Take the flat earth model and not sure on the scale, but place that somewhere say at the north pole, on a much larger globe. This much larger globe is the globe earth but is a dark frozen wasteland. Earth still in a major ice age because the real sun is in a major grand solar minimum or has died or the earths orbit and or spin had shifted out of the goldilocks zone. The sun and moon could be man made satellites sun being a fusion reactor of sorts keeping our little disc warm and habitable and the moon is the counterbalance satellite acting as a positive or negative or the North or south pole of the created electrical generator circling over us that we can harness energy from in more ways than 1, ways that are now hidden from us. Timelines and history are all a mishmash of stories and chinese whispers that have changed and skewed so much so think of history as you wish. The moon could be serving other purposes like it was a giant mirror to reflect a concentrated beam of heated light from the artificial sun to melt some of the snow beyond the ice wall to open up other parts and make more habitable land and the heating/boiling creates vapour clouds that pass over our warm disc area as clouds and provide precipitation. Also moon being a mirror angled at a frozen section of globe, the moon is just a reflection of earth covered in impact creators because the atmosphere and magnetosphere is mostly gone due to little or no protection from the inactive real sun. Its a delicate balancing act as this is weather manipulation in a way. Large ice bergs break off the ice and seen as global warming is more like the continual glacier surrounding us moving in but melting as it gets to our warm disc. All this ice melt and precipitation is could easily contribute to the ocean levels rising so like I said it's a delicate balancing act. Another theory is that global warming could also be happening as the globe is coming out of its ice age and icemelt is happening everywhere and land bridges will open up therefore travel by land will be more easy and the whole lie will come undone so the ones who hold the knowledgeand power are desperate to maintain. I have to much in my head to write all down and this theory crosses over Into so many stories and works all the time with biblical and historical accounts and space and space travel. Moon landing was just exploring frozen darkend areas beyond the ice wall. The space suits are just thermal suits etc and it was still all a show and a hoax put on us for further cognitive dissonance. I can't put all the details in here as it's a large topic to cover. Space exploration could be probes and satellites etc. sent around the globe to look for or check on other areas to see if any new areas have opened up or whatever, or there are other unfrozen discs with their own man made sun's and moons, little pockets of survivors run by their own governors and such and the leaders visit each other with 'space' travel and or send messages, resources etc to each other. An expanded theory of living in a creator on the moon. Our disc may be the arctic circle at the north pole and the rest of the globe is the antarctic or anti arctic. Arc came from Noah's ark, came on a boat before the freeze, the boat people stories of people Como g from the sea, the pheonicians, still in maritime law, we are all from the ark plants and animals and DNA and seed banks ready to replant and repopulate the world if or when it thaws out. Have a think

  • nope, wrong, not up to date. you are preaching 100 year old guesstimates for those that forgot to read the bible. that peaked in the 1980's when we learned without a doubt how much of a hoax carbon dating is. go back to your classroom sir. study numerous authors and numerous schools of thought. the only thing you have right in the first few minutes (the time it takes me type this and close this worthless video) is that we are still in an ice age. but yet it could be said that the world will always be in an ice age. the make up of earth makes the concept of ice age perpetual, it thaws until it starts to freeze, then it freezes over until it thaws and that process takes many thousands of years. and it happened way before us humans where created, and it happened before the last human like civilization .

  • As a person from Hawai’i I wonder what the islands look like

  • Yes I'd like to see how nature was effected

  • 13:22 Hold on a sec, wouldn't Africa have been the largest ice free land mass? Or is it excluded because it gained one more connection to eurasia? Even if Australia grew to the size of Antarctica it would still be under half the Modern size of Africa.

  • 9:17 This is why China thinks it owns all of Asia

  • There must have been ice on the Caucasus and the mountains south of it deep into historical East Anatolia, Persia and Media as well . The first known civilisations there used the water from the still existing mountain glaciers/snow for irrigation. Today, those glaciers gone, it is no longer possible, and the region is much more arid.

  • What caused the ice age, was it prehistoric SUV's?

  • Can you please make a video about what would earth look like if all the ice melted?

  • What is that thing you can search on Google where you can see what happens if say the sea level today was 1000 meters lower? What is that thing you can search that can do that? Edit: Found it.

  • NOlong, If you don't let me stimulate some thought in people's questions. You could be responsible for someone missing the answers to the most vital questions .......Tom

  • Too bad you don't mention Isostatic raising and lowering with the tremendous weight ( up to 2 miles thick ) of ice on land. Also the rebounding and sinking that occurred when when the ice melted and went back into the oceans, both of which further effected geography. But that level of detail would likely need to include a host of other massive changes like ocean currents and jet stream shifts. I guess you'll need other video to work on all those very important changes.

  • Technically all that new land under the ice was still underwater.

  • It's really sad. I notice a new channel, seems nice and rich. I check a video. Temperature plot over the last 400 000 years. Cool. Farenheit. Bye. Scientific concepts should use international scientific units.

  • Humans have been around 200 000 years is based on assumptions and carbon dating is a false technology.

  • The area occupied by present day Arizona, especially, was one those areas that was significantly wetter during the last ice age. As recently as 10,000 years ago, there was only one small area in what is now the far southwestern corner around Yuma that could be classified as desert, and even it was on the wetter, lusher side, similar to the Tucson area of today.

  • The Good Video and interesting information.

  • Hi guys! if u care for the environment, please use Ecosia as your search engine. For every 45 searches u make, a tree will be planted somewhere. If you think this is fake, u can always check out their NOlong channel. Stay safe guys :) bai bai

  • Tell me how the crocodiles survived the ice age mate, i’ve searched the whole web for this answer and it seems to be a mystery. I know crocodiles put their nose above water when the ice freezes so they can breath, but that wasn’t an option in the ice age. They should’ve been extinct. Please research this for me. Asked same question below other ice age vids, lets see what answers will be coming!💪

  • The average temperature today is 32 degrees F? That is not correct.

  • Kudos for a very informative video. I think I realize the amount of hard work behind creating different shapes of land and oceans when seawater levels went up over the centuries.

  • Thats what happened Lemuria

  • Am I the only one who thinks that the Japanese sea does look a bit like borneo?

  • Note: The landbridge theory being the reason there are people in the americas has already been proven wrong. There were humans in the Americas long before the time of this landbridge, of which human remains have been found as proof. The findings also show that they are genetically different from those that traveled from Siberia to the Americas.

  • Composition of air According to NASA, the gases in Earth's atmosphere include: Nitrogen - 78 % Oxygen - 21 % Argon - 0.93 % Carbon dioxide (C02)- 0.04 % Of these o.o4 % of Co2 in the atmosphere: -95% comes from nature (volcanoes/oceans/vegeration etc...) -5% from human activity The human C02 content in the air = 0.0016% !! leftist authoritarian fascists say: DON'T YOU DARE TO THINK FOR YOURSELF !!! The ....politics of climate change ! Not the science ! These ignorant climate change parrots don't understand that climate change is a fabricated crisis. A hoax which started within think tanks (social engineering) .... ..and was force fed/propagandized through the establishment mass media to the public. Climate change is interest/power driven, not a science based crisis ! The hypocrit gravytrain science community, which knows better, is pressured and blackmailed to play along ! Every dissident scientist is muzzled and censored by the bought and paid for establisment mainstream media and academia. Their psychopathic billionaire overlords seek to make even more money, rule out competition and roll out their fascist oppresive agenda 21-30 on the world ! IN Searching For A New Enemy To Unite Us, We Came Up With The Threat Of Global Warming” | Climatism “IN Searching For A New Enemy To Unite Us, We Came Up With The Threat Of Global Warming” “The common enemy of humanity is man. In searching for a new enemy to unite us, we came up with the idea that pollution, the threat of global warming, water shortages, famine and the like would fit the bill. All these dangers are caused by human intervention, and it is only through changed attitudes and behaviour that they can be overcome. The real enemy then, is humanity itself.“ - Club of Rome, premier environmental think-tank, consultants to the United Nations “Isn’t the only hope for the planet that the industrialized civilizations collapse? Isn’t it our responsiblity to bring that about?” - Maurice Strong, founder of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP People don't understand that climate change is a fabricated crisis. A hoax which started within think tanks (social engineering) .... ..and was force fed/propagandized through the establishment mass media to the public. Climate change is interest/power driven, not a science based crisis ! The hypocrit gravytrain science community, which knows better, is pressured and blackmailed to play along ! Every dissident scientist is muzzled and censored by the bought and paid for establisment mainstream media and academia. Their psychopathic billionaire overlords seek to make even more money, rule out competition and roll out their fascist oppresive agenda 21-30 on the world ! '‘The Great Reset’: World leaders to harness COVID and pursue 'sinister' climate agenda' op NOlong nolong.info/show/eMurool7dc6OiJs/video.html It is a anti-human cult, destroying progressing society ...towards depopulation !! ....

  • Composition of air According to NASA, the gases in Earth's atmosphere include: Nitrogen - 78 % Oxygen - 21 % Argon - 0.93 % Carbon dioxide (C02)- 0.04 % Of these o.o4 % of Co2 in the atmosphere: -95% comes from nature (volcanoes/oceans/vegeration etc...) -5% from human activity The human C02 content in the air = 0.0016% !! leftist authoritarian fascists say: DON'T YOU DARE TO THINK FOR YOURSELF !!! The ....politics of climate change ! Not the science ! These ignorant climate change parrots don't understand that climate change is a fabricated crisis. A hoax which started within think tanks (social engineering) .... ..and was force fed/propagandized through the establishment mass media to the public. Climate change is interest/power driven, not a science based crisis ! The hypocrit gravytrain science community, which knows better, is pressured and blackmailed to play along ! Every dissident scientist is muzzled and censored by the bought and paid for establisment mainstream media and academia. Their psychopathic billionaire overlords seek to make even more money, rule out competition and roll out their fascist oppresive agenda 21-30 on the world ! IN Searching For A New Enemy To Unite Us, We Came Up With The Threat Of Global Warming” | Climatism “IN Searching For A New Enemy To Unite Us, We Came Up With The Threat Of Global Warming” “The common enemy of humanity is man. In searching for a new enemy to unite us, we came up with the idea that pollution, the threat of global warming, water shortages, famine and the like would fit the bill. All these dangers are caused by human intervention, and it is only through changed attitudes and behaviour that they can be overcome. The real enemy then, is humanity itself.“ - Club of Rome, premier environmental think-tank, consultants to the United Nations “Isn’t the only hope for the planet that the industrialized civilizations collapse? Isn’t it our responsiblity to bring that about?” - Maurice Strong, founder of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP People don't understand that climate change is a fabricated crisis. A hoax which started within think tanks (social engineering) .... ..and was force fed/propagandized through the establishment mass media to the public. Climate change is interest/power driven, not a science based crisis ! The hypocrit gravytrain science community, which knows better, is pressured and blackmailed to play along ! Every dissident scientist is muzzled and censored by the bought and paid for establisment mainstream media and academia. Their psychopathic billionaire overlords seek to make even more money, rule out competition and roll out their fascist oppresive agenda 21-30 on the world ! '‘The Great Reset’: World leaders to harness COVID and pursue 'sinister' climate agenda' op NOlong nolong.info/show/eMurool7dc6OiJs/video.html It is a anti-human cult, destroying progressing society ...towards depopulation !! ....

  • Another atheistic myth with no proof for it. "This earth wall is scratched so there must have been a glacier or something that had that effect." Or a Great Flood brought boulders to scratch it. There is more than one way to see things but gullible people are blind, for they let the establishment do the "seeing" for them.

  • Can you give a link to the map you made of how the earth looked?

  • I actually live in North West Ohio so where we live it's very very flat. And in science we learn about the glaciers that went through here.

  • that explains all . but now someone trying to impose eko tax on people to stop ice melting. what a bullshit

  • Zeelandea can I be a continent Earth no but but you can be mega zeeland

  • Make believe story.

  • thx

  • #Trump2020

  • If Democrats had been around 9000 years ago and been able to throw billions of dollars at global warming, then today New England could still be under a mile of ice and Tampa would be in central Florida instead of on the coast.

  • John 6:28 "Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God? 29Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent."

  • warming of the oceans causes the ice ages.

  • Who else's teacher sent them to this link?

  • WAY back, North America was populated by dinosaurs and giant human dinosaur killers. The poles shifted and killed the dinosaurs - and the dinosaur killers. Their seven story tall stone walls for their cities have been buried - in America. The current tiny humans have been getting rid of the evidence by sending the evidence to the Smithsonian.

  • There were numerous changes on planet Earth, numerous disasters from meteors. The meteors that hit Greenland shifted Earth's poles. There was a time when Antarctica was temperate and populated. Atlantis was in the Atlantic Ocean before it was shoved up on western Africa. Egypt has paintings of Atlantians taken captive for their technology. Australia and North America could have been the poles. The Paracas people were all brains who transported gigantic stone beams by mind power, but they were busted in their heads for food in emergencies - until there were none left.

  • The best most indepth video on this subject I have ever seen.As a matter of a fact I have never seen the whole globe discussed at once.Great job thanks.

  • Great job on explaining all this. Thank you so much.

  • No. The Americas were populated from the south. Peoples DNA from the Pacific island nations were were found in South America and in Indians of North America. That is recent news. (Just how much may of came from the north has not been determined). However the south Pacific migration route is firmly established now.

  • There was no ice age

  • May the Pacific's mountains top had formed a kind of bridge between the former continent of Sahul and South America's west coast? I ask it because there's some evidences of human penetration in west of S. America in a parallel wave of occupation with Bering...

    • Tour Heirdal experiments proved it's possible even without any land to stop between. But influence of occasional Polynesians would be negligible to numerous continental population. Same for island chain compared to proper land bridge.

  • I love ur vids,keep it up

  • That’s why is so complicated to build a túnel from point to point of Gibraltar, or a bridge, by tectonic activity in the zone, you need elastic materials..,

  • nolong.info/show/q8Wje2eMdpWemqs/video.html

  • My brother and I found corral fossils in far northern Minnesota, think children. DAVE

  • go look at the blood types. the american indians werent migrating from china. ancient blood types by majority verify this. the lower water levels after pangea and noahs flood wouldve enable the traveling of ancient paleo hebrew lineages to arrive from other areas. this is why hawaii and easter islands are associated apart from china and most likely why tribes in austrailia are different too. in all fairness i just did a quick glance. but i didnt see the pattern of peoples migrations matching with what you stated from what i saw.

  • Very interesting... Good Google recommended👍. What about CHANGE in the tilt of the PLANET!! Any information on that? Cheers 🍻

  • I enjoyed your video. But you failed to consider the glacio-eustatic ocean level fincreased changes and the tectonic vertical movements of the ocean basins. [See an article by Matthew R.K. (1969) Tectonic Implications of Glacio-Eustaic Sea Level Fluctuations, Earth and Planetary Science Letters.] The drastically lower ocean levels meant all the water weight in the form of 2km thick ice sheets in the northern hemisphere. That means that weight and mass was now pressing down on North America and Europe and was missing in the ocean basins. It is called isotonic ression and rebound and eurostic recession and rebound in the oceans as those massive ice sheets melted at the end of the Younger Drious, ice melt water pulse 1b. Think of a pillow as the conveniently plates, if you press weight in the center that forces the edges up an equal amount. The weakest edges of the North America and Europe are the Mid Atlantic rift. Thus that seam would have been pushed upwards a considerable amount equal to the mass of the ice sheets pressing down on the continental plates. There for the mid Atlantic rift has been proven to have been above ocean levels at times during those ice ages. Randal Carlson has highlighted several independent scientits'studies of the Azure Islands. A lot of that land is now under meters of ocean, yet have beach sand on them. Another study showed rock samples from under water cliffs made of rocks that only can form in the amostomphere, not under water where the currently reside. Just as the beach sand is different from ocean floor sand and also does not form under water on the ocean floor, but only on beaches. Plato described a maritime culture, who's name is too often associated with space aliens, woo crystal space ships and death ray beams. Non of which were any part of Plato's actual description. That is all sci-fiction created fantasy. Whatever civilizations that inhabited those raised land masses would have had a pretty nice climate too. Being the ocean currents that presently bring Europe warmer weather than its geography should have. In fact those warm currents would have likely went south of those Azure islands and encircled it, creating a very warm place during an ice age. The destruction of any such larger island inhabitants would have been horrific. Between the unloading of the North American ice sheets and the rebounding uplift would have caused the mid Atlantic rift to violently sink via multiple earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and mega tsunamis, multiple times before ending up where they are now. No one and nothing would have survived that destruction. Whitch oddly matches Plato's description of its demise? I don't subscribe to ancent aliens or crystal space ships either. But I do believe that part of the world was once above sea level and it will be interesting to see what future science discovers now on the sea floor. Also mainstream science is to blame for modern scientist not wanting to touch that mid Atlantic landmass. Plato described as islands.. They created a straw man by relableing in a sunken continent, not an mere island or group of islands as Plato said. In the 1970s they proclaimed: "there is no evidence to support an sunken 'contenent' in the Atlantic Ocean. Yet offered no evidence to support that statement. Indeed going against several scientific and geological studies saying (islands) where in much greater size than now. They Jedi Mindtricked the World. In any event, if you consider those scientic papers Randal Carlson and others have highlighted and the mathematical continental plate adjustments via isotonic recession and rebound with ocean eurostic rebound and recession, your map will show more land in the Atlantic Ocean than just the lower ocean levels alone would cause. Heres is a link you should check out. 11,600 years ago. This is the one in a series that covers a lot of related and relevant information. This ties information in previous episoids together.. nolong.info/show/i6ioeq6kmLdni6c/video.html

  • Sounds like a robot is talking.

  • Bearing strait is not the answer to human migration in Americas. Recent DNA evidence proves this

  • haha, lol! The Earth is flat and there is no thing as ice age

  • Much of the climate can be attributed to pole shift or migration

  • The over-enunciation and broken unnatural cadence of the TTS narrator is distracting. But the information is good.

  • Can't help but note the dramatic changes in temperatures in our past with little relative change in CO2.

  • Are we better off with a gradual warming or an abrupt Ice Age? I think we can mitigate warming better than fending off a global Ice Age. Think about it as a thought experiment.

  • Your Timelines are so far off it is almost ridiculous. Some what you talked about has almost totally been discredited. Some is correct or reasonably so. ONE, The Earth has gone through many Climate Changes and several Ice Ages. If as you stated Antarctica has been Ice covered for 41 million years. How is it we have maps and know that Antarctica was ice free and green. How are or would there be Pyramids, structures, and evidence of people living there? That North Africa was lush, green and has evidence of towns, villages, roads (trade routes),and much more. That northern South America was once arid. The Bearing Strait crossings have been almost totally discredited. As most of the people came by boats and ships across the Pacific(Pre Flood or earlier). The Oral traditions of the Cherokee says they came to Central and North America by ships across the Pacific and the Atlantic. We have wrecks of Chinese and Japanese ships from Oregon to South America. The Book of Mormon describes the journeys across the Pacific. TWO, The Sphinx was built when that area was lush, green and wet. The Great Pyramid is almost as old. Dates range from 10 to 50,000 years old. That we have found pyramids that are larger and far older than the Great Pyramid. The two or three pyramids in Antarctica have to be much older. The oldest "Man made" artifact dates back 300 million years old. That we are finding cities, structures, pyramids, and other things on the oceans sea bed that have to be much older than we can ever imagine. Your explanation of Australia is interesting. That it has more different vegetation, animals, and other things found no where else on Earth. You mentioned Madagascar but failed to mention it has very few things common with Africa. That it has very much everything in common with India. Which at sometime was connected to India. THREE, You talk of only one Ice Age, yet your title says "What causes Ice Ages?" You never talked about what causes them. The sub title is the "The Geography of the Ice Age". There were estimates of at least two maybe three major Ice Ages. Several smaller ice ages. We know that the Earth goes through minor and major Climatic changes, Great upheavals from earthquakes and other activity, Polar shifts, and more. Since we know the western parts of the U S was under the ocean as sea shells, fish bodies, and other evidence have been found several thousand feet on hill or mountain sides. That would tell or at least show us that when whatever happen(s). The oceans realigned themselves. We know that during these upheavals valleys can become mountains and mountains valleys. That is a lot of water slushing around until it settles. Who knows what happens during a "Polar Shift". All of the oceans have to resettle after its over. During the shift the Oceans would be loose without any restraints to their movements.

  • Guess back then polar bears were the dominant species on Earth, and at the peak of their industrial and political power.

  • I like a nice musical intro on a NOlong video... but NOT TOO LOUD!! :)

  • Man, we're just living on mountains.

  • 0:50, less then a minute and already ERROR. Homo sapiens genus is 500K old, not 200K.

  • No Glacial Lake Missoula? It altered the geography of an entire state...

  • We are 300,000 years old

  • From what Ive read, recent finds in the last few years have pushed back modern humans to 300-350,000+ years ago!

  • I wish you had spent more time on Africa. While the landmass hadn't changed much, the content of that mass was wildly different. Please do a video about the Sahara being decidedly not a desert.

    • Particularly if you could discuss the tamanrasset river and the African humid period, and when exactly these things occurred.

  • ...As a matter of fact the Philippine archipelago was not part of Sunda lands from the southwest.....the Island was made part of it with its own activity in the area for thousands of years made in the process of Volcanology and Seismology that created the islands... at present we have still underwater volcanoes create an Islands and land mass create a more elevated lands....

  • Yes. How was nature affected. Aarre Peltomaa

  • Yes, how did animal life change with the changing ice ages

  • I would like to see the pacific ocean when the ocean was lowered. In particular what islands would've been visible within the pacific ocean wit the existing pacific islands, New Zealand, Hawaii connecting to Alaska etc...

  • Using Fahrenheit when talking about science is bad practice.

    • Yes I agree 0 degree for freezing of water point . Metrics should be taught through out the world and get rid of imperial system. What's so difficult to guage everything between 0 - 10 ?

  • well the antarctic ice got bigger just enoungh to join with thePatagonian

  • The Ice Age is a myth; nothing more. nothing less.

    • You might not know what "myth" means.

  • Al Gore Buys $8.9 Million Ocean-view Villa - WORLD PROPERTY JOURNAL Global News Center www.worldpropertyjournal.com/featured-columnists/celebrity-homes-column-al-gore-tipper-gore-oprah-winfrey-michael-douglas-christopher-lloyd-fred-couples-nicolas-cage-peter-reckell-kelly-moneymaker-2525.php 1970 Climate cooling - ice age coming (Al Gore) 1990 Climate warming - pole ice would completly be gone by 2013-2014 (Al Gore) rising of the oceans 2000 Climate change (Al Gore) soon many cities under water inconvenient truth 2010 Al Gore Buys $8.9 Million Ocean-view Villa - WORLD PROPERTY JOURNAL Global News Center www.worldpropertyjournal.com/featured-columnists/celebrity-homes-column-al-gore-tipper-gore-oprah-winfrey-michael-douglas-christopher-lloyd-fred-couples-nicolas-cage-peter-reckell-kelly-moneymaker-2525.php Lol If you could play on the stock exchange -just betting on change (either up or down)- you would always win ☺ !

  • wondering...did the penis and vagina and all associated parts just happen in nature at the same time hahahahahahah

  • Great work, but I was surprised to see you say that ice sheets went no further north than Tasmania, since there is obvious evidence of retreating ice sheets at least as far north as coastal South Australia, including gouged rocks and drumlins around the Adelaide plains and Victor Harbour.

  • I would like to know how nature was affected by all these changes. TIA

  • I was _really_ interested. The cadence and enunciation of the robo-ized voice drove me away!

  • The ....politics of climate change ! Not the science ! These ignorant climate change parrots don't understand that climate change is a fabricated crisis. A hoax which started within think tanks (social engineering) .... ..and was force fed/propagandized through the establishment mass media to the public. Climate change is interest/power driven, not a science based crisis ! The hypocrit gravytrain science community, which knows better, is pressured and blackmailed to play along ! Every dissident scientist is muzzled and censored by the bought and paid for establisment mainstream media and academia. Their psychopathic billionaire overlords seek to make even more money, rule out competition and roll out their fascist oppresive agenda 21-30 on the world ! IN Searching For A New Enemy To Unite Us, We Came Up With The Threat Of Global Warming” | Climatism “IN Searching For A New Enemy To Unite Us, We Came Up With The Threat Of Global Warming” “The common enemy of humanity is man. In searching for a new enemy to unite us, we came up with the idea that pollution, the threat of global warming, water shortages, famine and the like would fit the bill. All these dangers are caused by human intervention, and it is only through changed attitudes and behaviour that they can be overcome. The real enemy then, is humanity itself.“ - Club of Rome, premier environmental think-tank, consultants to the United Nations “Isn’t the only hope for the planet that the industrialized civilizations collapse? Isn’t it our responsiblity to bring that about?” - Maurice Strong, founder of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP People don't understand that climate change is a fabricated crisis. A hoax which started within think tanks (social engineering) .... ..and was force fed/propagandized through the establishment mass media to the public. Climate change is interest/power driven, not a science based crisis ! The hypocrit gravytrain science community, which knows better, is pressured and blackmailed to play along ! Every dissident scientist is muzzled and censored by the bought and paid for establisment mainstream media and academia. Their psychopathic billionaire overlords seek to make even more money, rule out competition and roll out their fascist oppresive agenda 21-30 on the world ! '‘The Great Reset’: World leaders to harness COVID and pursue 'sinister' climate agenda' op NOlong nolong.info/show/eMurool7dc6OiJs/video.html It is a anti-human cult, destroying progressing society ...towards depopulation !! ....

  • The Ice Age occurred after The Flood from about 4350 - 4150 years ago.

  • Confusing Ice Ages with Glacial Periods. We are in an Ice Age right now that began about 2.6 million years ago. This video is about the last Glacial Period, not about the last Ice Age.

  • Velikovsky explained lack of Siberian ice as being result of a pole shift ........ sounds more likely .

  • That was cool. Thanx

  • I did not know that the southern tip of Australia had an ice cover